Demonology - Lilith as Adam's Wife
Lilith is a famous demon that is known for many different reasons. One of the most important stories about Lilith is her association with Adam, as his first wife before Eve. It was actually said in Judaism for a time that Lilith, not Eve, was responsible for Adam’s downfall.
Who is Lilith?
While many Christians believe that Eve was the first woman, it may actually be the case that Lilith was actually the first woman created. In Jewish folklore, it is said that Lilith was actually made from the same dirt as Adam. 13th century writings say that Lilith left Adam and coupled with Archangel Samael, after she refused to be a subservient for Adam.
Lilith in the Bible
Interestingly, Lilith only makes a single appearance in the Bible. In that case, she was depicted as a shunned demon in the wilderness. It was the prophet Isaiah who shunned her. She then reappears in Jewish sources from the Middle Ages as Adam’s first wife. Though she isn’t mentioned again in the Bible, she is referred to as a succubus in the text of the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Modern Lilith Worship
Lilith has migrated into the mythologies and folklore of many different cultures, including the Israelites, Egyptians, Greeks, and even the ancient Hittites. In Babylonian Demonology, Lilith is depicted as a winged spirit who preyed on pregnant women and infants. Although the exact portrayal can vary, most who speak of Lilith say she represents everything chaotic and ungodly. Some say she has cast a spell on humankind.
She is also sometimes referred to as the patron of abortions. In some cultures, especially Jewish cultures, protective spell bowls are buried to protect women and their offspring from Lilith. Her image also appears on many modern incantation bowls.
Some argue with the depiction of her as an evil being, but instead state that she represents freedom, since she refused to be submissive. It is said that instead she represents the idea that we all are equal beings and created from the same earth.