Of the many demons occupying hell, few wield as much power as Adramelech. According to the Old Testament, Adramelech (meaning “King of Fire”) was one half of Assyrian city of Sepharvaim’s pantheon of gods-- a duo that also included the goddess Anammelech (meaning “Anu is King”). Worshippers of these two were feared and reviled for their practice of burning their children alive as part of a horrific ritual sacrifice.
In modern demonology, Adramelech usually takes the form of a donkey or a peacock-- or some combination of the two. He is said to be one of the ten archdemons presiding over hell, and the eighth member of Beelzebub's "Order of the Fly." According to Collin de Plancy’s Dictionnaire Infernal, Adramelech also wields considerable influence within the infernal chambers of power. Not only is he the President of the Senate of Demons, but he is also Chancellor of Hell, and, if Plancy is to be believed, in charge of Satan’s personal wardrobe.
Adramelech - A Mighty Chancellor
Adramelech is described as a mighty chancellor of the underworld and the president of Devil’s high commission by Collin de Plancy in Dictionnaires Infernal. He shows himself as a peacock with the face of a mule. Worshipping him involves burning children in the altars.
In the Bible, the name Adramelech appears twice in the Old Testament. First, Adramelech is the name of the son of Assyrian King, who along with his brother, murdered his father while worshipping idol Nisrach in the temple (2kings 19 36-38). 2 Kings 17;31 describes Adramelech as a god of Sepharvaim who was worshipped by Avvites by burning their children. Details of Adramelech have not been mentioned in the Assyrian inscriptions.
Adramelech is a possible reconstruction of ADDIR-Melek a western Semitic to mean the glorious one is the King a reference name of the sun deity.
Who is Abaddon?
Revelation 9:11 (protestant Bible-Amplified version): "Over them as king they have the angel of the Abyss (of the bottomless pit). In Hebrew his name is Abaddon [destruction], but in Greek he is called Apollyon [destroyer]." The Old Testament was written primarily in the Hebrew language; while the New Testament was written in Greek.
Wikipedia states that Abaddon could be considered, rather than as an individual, but instead a place where lost souls now reside. According to them, the 18th century theologian Matthew Henry thought Abaddon to be the coming Antichrist. Whereas other commentators from the 1800s and 1900s saw him possibly being Satan himself.
Abaddon is a name on the other hand seemingly for a location (such as hades, or hell) no less than six times in the Old Testament (books of Job, Psalms, and Proverbs). This seems to refer more to a place, not a being like an angel or demon.
However, Biblestudytools shows how he (or it) could consist of both "destruction" and an angel (demon) of hell/infernal region
According to the Bible study website gotquestions.org he, one of Satan's generals, will one day come to wreak havoc on the people of the earth, as part of God's final judgment on mankind.
Bible Description of Abaddon as an Entity
Revelation 9:11, Abaddon is a Hebrew name of a demon who is also the angel of the bottomless pit (abyss). He will seize Satan, bid him, and throw him in the abyss for a millennium.
John describes him as the King of locusts who will emerge after the sounding of the fifth trump in heaven. His main aim is to unleash his army locust from the abyss, which will hurt people for five months. His army has the power of a scorpion (a scorpion tail) and has specific instructions to harm people without the seal of God but not to kill them. His army has a human face and a woman’s hair with a crown of gold, but the teeth are that of lions. The locusts have wings and iron breastplates.
Bible Description of Abaddon as A Place
Abaddon is also described as a place of destruction synonymous with Sheol in the books of Job and proverbs. Proverbs 15:11 describes Abaddon as the world of the dead, Chapter 27 further describes it as the world of the dead, which is never satisfied, and so does Job 26:6. In Job chapter 28:22, however, refers to Abaddon as an entity that can hear.
Reference of Abaddon in Other Writings
Abaddon / Apollyon is ranked the seventh in the hierarchy of the demons. The Key of Solomon the King refers to Abaddon as the one invoked by Moses to bring rain in Egypt. In esoterism, Abaddon is identified with brown, green and blood red colour. He is associated with January month of the winter season and Saturday as his day of the week. His favourite stone is ruby and sword is his weapon. He is associated with sacrifice, intuition and challenge.
In Babylonian Talmud, Abaddon is listed second in the names of underworlds; Sheol, Abaddon, Bar Shachat Bor Sheon, Tit Hayavon, Tzalmoveth, and Eretz Hathachthith. Louis Ginzberg goes further to describe the seven underworlds among them Abaddon in his book, ‘The Creation of the World.’ He states that it takes 300 years to go round the width and depth of each underworld, and each region has seven divisions and subdivisions. Every sub-division has 7000 caves with venomous scorpions. He further describes the underworlds as full of mountains and hills of coal and with rivers of sulfur and pitch.
Francis Barrett, in his book, The Magus, lists Abaddon in association with the 7 degrees where the furies live. During the war, to conjure him for assistance, hundreds of soldiers were burnt alive in gigantic wooden figures.